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ImageBuilder制作k2p潘多拉/PandoraBox固件

发布时间:November 2, 2018 // 分类:K2P // No Comments

基于ubuntu 18.04,安装依赖:

apt install build-essential libncurses5-dev zlib1g-dev gawk git  libssl-dev wget unzip python ocaml-nox help2man texinfo yui-compressor

下载最新版本18.10的ImageBuilder:

https://downloads.pangubox.com/pandorabox/18.10/targets/ralink/mt7621/PandoraBox-ImageBuilder-ralink-mt7621.Linux-x86_64.tar.xz
tar Jxf PandoraBox-ImageBuilder-ralink-mt7621.Linux-x86_64.tar.xz
cd PandoraBox-ImageBuilder-ralink-mt7621.Linux-x86_64

查看可编译的固件型号及其包含的软件包:

make info

制作固件:

#info显示的所有机型固件
make image
#仅制作k2p固件
make image PROFILE="k2p"
#安装额外的软件包,自编译软件先把软件放到packages/目录下
make image PROFILE="k2p" PACKAGES="wget"
#添加files目录内文件到固件内,如files/etc/config/network网络配置文件
make image PROFILE="k2p" FILES="files"
#查看更多选项
make help

开始使用默认配置制作k2p固件:

make image PROFILE="k2p"

遇到以下错误:

 regexp could be something like 'pkgname*' '*file*' or similar
 e.g. opkg info 'libstd*' or opkg search '*libop*' or opkg remove 'libncur*'
Makefile:140: recipe for target 'package_install' failed
make[2]: *** [package_install] Error 1
make[2]: Leaving directory '/tmp/PandoraBox-ImageBuilder-ralink-mt7621.Linux-x86_64'
Makefile:110: recipe for target '_call_image' failed
make[1]: *** [_call_image] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory '/tmp/PandoraBox-ImageBuilder-ralink-mt7621.Linux-x86_64'
Makefile:196: recipe for target 'image' failed
make: *** [image] Error 2

因为在Makerfile 144行要预先安装kernel文件,而package没kernel软件包,下载kernel:

wget https://downloads.pangubox.com/pandorabox/18.10/targets/ralink/mt7621/packages/kernel_3.14.79-1_mipsel_1004kc_dsp.ipk -P packages/

再次执行又出现错误:

Collected errors:
 * opkg_install_cmd: Cannot install package dosfsck.
 * opkg_install_cmd: Cannot install package fkmod-leds-gpio.
 * opkg_install_cmd: Cannot install package kmod-ipt-nathelper.
 * opkg_install_cmd: Cannot install package mkdosfs.
 * satisfy_dependencies_for: Cannot satisfy the following dependencies for ralink-utils:
 *      kmod-ipt-nathelper-extra * 
Makefile:140: recipe for target 'package_install' failed
make[2]: *** [package_install] Error 255
make[2]: Leaving directory '/tmp/PandoraBox-ImageBuilder-ralink-mt7621.Linux-x86_64'
Makefile:110: recipe for target '_call_image' failed
make[1]: *** [_call_image] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory '/tmp/PandoraBox-ImageBuilder-ralink-mt7621.Linux-x86_64'
Makefile:196: recipe for target 'image' failed
make: *** [image] Error 2

因为新版的openwrt将kmod-ipt-nathelper-extra 更改为kmod-nf-nathelper-extra,而潘多拉的源package没修改依赖,使用以下脚本在制作时更新源后修改软件依赖项kmod-ipt-nathelper-extra为kmod-nf-nathelper-extra:

#!/usr/bin/bash
for file in `ls dl/18.10*`;do 
        echo $file;
        mv $file $file.gz
        gunzip $file.gz
        sed -i 's/kmod-ipt-nathelper-extra/kmod-nf-nathelper-extra/g' $file
        gzip -9 $file
        mv $file.gz $file
done
sed -i 's/kmod-ipt-nathelper/kmod-nf-nathelper/g' include/target.mk 

将以上保存为fix.sh并修改Makefile文件在122行$(MAKE) package_install前插入:

$(TOPDIR)/fix.sh

再次执行又遇到以下错误:

Collected errors:
 * opkg_install_cmd: Cannot install package dosfsck.
 * opkg_install_cmd: Cannot install package fkmod-leds-gpio.
 * opkg_install_cmd: Cannot install package mkdosfs.

因为上面这3个软件有的改名,有的名字写错,修复下:

sed -i 's/fkmod-leds-gpio/kmod-leds-gpio/g' .profiles.mk
sed -i 's/mkdosfs dosfsck/dosfstools/g' .profiles.mk

再次执行终于制作完成k2p固件,将制作的固件scp到路由/tmp/目录开始刷机:

scp bin/targets/ralink/mt7621/PandoraBox-ralink-mt7621-k2p-2018-10-26-git-85c67caa2-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin 192.168.168.1:/tmp/

k2p路由内使用sysupgrade命令刷机

sysupgrade -n -v /tmp/PandoraBox-ralink-mt7621-k2p-2018-10-26-git-85c67caa2-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin

curl和wget指定ssl ca证书

发布时间:November 2, 2018 // 分类: // No Comments

openwrt下curl使用mbedtls,校验ssl要安装ca-bundle,wget使用libssl,校验ssl要安装ca-certificates,索性单独下载ca证书文件,curl和wget用配置文件指定ca证书。

curl -k https://www.haiyun.me/download/ss/cacert.pem -o /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
echo 'ca-certificate = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt' > ~/.wgetrc
echo 'cacert=/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt' > ~/.curlrc
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