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为n1制作aarcm64/arm64 ubuntu rootfs系统

发布时间:October 20, 2018 // 分类:N1 // No Comments

安装debootstrap和qemu-user-static:

apt install apt-transport-https qemu qemu-user-static binfmt-support debootstrap

构建ubuntu 18.04系统,基础包为minbase,使用清大的源:

qemu-debootstrap --arch arm64 --variant=minbase --include=whiptail,ca-certificates,tzdata bionic rootfs http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/

配置软件源:

cat > rootfs/etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-ports/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse
EOF

配置网络信息:

mkdir rootfs/etc/network/ 
echo 'nameserver 192.168.168.1' > rootfs/etc/resolv.conf
echo 'ubuntu-18.04' > rootfs/etc/hostname
cat > rootfs/etc/netplan/50-cloud-init.yaml <<EOF
network:
    ethernets:
        eth0:
            addresses:
            - 192.168.168.6/24
            dhcp4: false
            gateway4: 192.168.168.1
            nameservers:
                addresses:
                - 192.168.168.1
                search: []
    version: 2
EOF

挂载本地设备文件到rootfs:

mount -t proc /proc  rootfs/proc 
mount -t sysfs /sys  rootfs/sys 
mount -o bind /dev  rootfs/dev 
mount -o bind /dev/pts  rootfs/dev/pts 

chroot rootfs内配置:

LANG=C.UTF-8 chroot rootfs/  /bin/bash

在rootfs内执行:

cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
apt update
apt upgrade
apt install systemd -y 
apt install wireless-regdb crda -y
apt install rsyslog udev dbus kmod openssh-server netplan.io man vim wget net-tools sysstat tmux less wireless-regdb crda dosfstools parted rng-tools -y
echo 'PermitRootLogin yes' >> /etc/ssh/sshd_config
passwd root
umount /dev/pts/ /dev/ /proc/ /sys 
exit

为方便使用之前编译的内核和armbian的uInitrd、firmware文件,挂载armbian的img镜像到本地:

losetup -P -f --show Armbian_5.62_Aml-s9xxx_Ubuntu_bionic_default_4.18.7_20181012.img
mount /dev/loop3p2 /mnt
mount /dev/loop3p2 /mnt/boot
mv /mnt/boot/* rootfs/boot/
mv /mnt/lib/modules/ rootfs/lib/
#也可安装armbian的firmware-aml-4.18-20181011_5.62_arm64.deb
mv /mnt/lib/firmware/ rootfs/lib/
mv /mnt/etc/modprobe.d/ rootfs/etc/
mv /mnt/etc/fstab rootfs/etc/
mv /mnt/root/install.sh rootfs/root/

将armbain镜像内的文件全部删除,将新做的系统移动过去。

rm -rf /mnt/*
mv rootfs/boot/* /mnt/boot/
mv rootfs/* /mnt/

参考:
https://help.ubuntu.com/lts/installation-guide/s390x/apds04.html

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  • 海运: 正常情况下编译整个内核执行make menuconfig后就不会出现此提示,当单独编译单个模块...
  • oijq: 就是用的armbian的配置文件哈,按你的教程做的,在执行make LOCALVERSION=...
  • 海运: 使用armbian的配置文件,其它添加或修改自己懂的部分,不懂的就不要碰了。
  • oijq: 编译时这些选项全部选Y吗?Actions Semi Platforms (ARCH_ACTIO...
  • 海运: n1编译bbr内核模块参考这个:https://www.haiyun.me/archives/...
  • jiqz: make M=net/ipv4/ CONFIG_TCP_CONG_BBR=m modules编...
  • ruralhunter: 哦,文档里应该是对的,是.config
  • ruralhunter: cp /mnt/boot/config-4.18.7-aml-s9xxx .config这里应...
  • 海运: 你是编译不成功呢?还是编译后不能运行呢?还是运行后不能访问web界面呢?
  • 白墨: 可能不清楚就是编译安装后启动后访问不了web界面