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Centos5/Linux安装Nfdump和Nfsen图形界面分析netflow数据

发布时间:October 20, 2012 // 分类:流量监控 // 9 Comments

Nfdumplinuxnetflow数据采集分析工具,Nfsen是基于nfdump是web界面工具,服务器需先安装web服务器和php环境。
安装rrdtool及所需组件:

yum install perl-rrdtool rrdtool rrdtool-devel rrdutils flex byacc

安装所需perl模块:

yum install perl-Socket6 perl-MailTools perl-Mail-Sender

安装Nfdump工具:

cd /usr/local/src/
wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/nfdump/stable/nfdump-1.6.6/nfdump-1.6.6.tar.gz
tar zxvf nfdump-1.6.6.tar.gz 
cd nfdump-1.6.6/
./configure --enable-nfprofile --with-rrdpath=/usr/bin
make
make install
cd ../

下载配置Nfsen:

mkdir -p /usr/local/nfsen
wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/nfsen/stable/nfsen-1.3.6p1/nfsen-1.3.6p1.tar.gz
tar zxvf nfsen-1.3.6p1.tar.gz 
cd nfsen-1.3.6p1/
cp etc/nfsen-dist.conf etc/nfsen.conf

修改Nfsen配置文件:

cat etc/nfsen.conf
#http://www.haiyun.me
$BASEDIR = "/usr/local/nfsen";
$HTMLDIR    = "/var/www/html/nfsen/";
$USER    = "apache";
$WWWUSER  = "apache";
$WWWGROUP = "apache";
%sources = (
    'upstream1'    => { 'port' => '9995', 'col' => '#0000ff', 'type' => 'netflow' },
);

安装Nfsen:

./install.pl etc/nfsen.conf 

启动Nfsen:

/usr/local/nfsen/bin/nfsen start

配置路由或交换机将netflow数据发送到nfsen配置的端口,然后访问http://ip/nfsen/nfsen.php即可通过Nfsen浏览netflow数据
nfsen分析netflow.png

Centos下Nginx添加perl(fastcgi)支持

发布时间:May 31, 2012 // 分类:Nginx // 8 Comments

安装perl-fcgi模块,有安装epel源可使用yum安装:

yum -y install perl-FCGI

编译安装:

wget http://search.cpan.org/CPAN/authors/id/F/FL/FLORA/FCGI-0.74.tar.gz
tar zxvf FCGI-0.74.tar.gz 
cd FCGI-0.74
perl Makefile.PL
make
make install

新建perl脚本用做fastcgi进程管理,保存为/usr/bin/perl-fastcgi.pl

#!/usr/bin/perl

use FCGI;
use Socket;
use POSIX qw(setsid);

require 'syscall.ph';

&daemonize;

#this keeps the program alive or something after exec'ing perl scripts
END() { } BEGIN() { }
*CORE::GLOBAL::exit = sub { die "fakeexit\nrc=".shift()."\n"; };
eval q{exit};
if ($@) {
    exit unless $@ =~ /^fakeexit/;
};

&main;

sub daemonize() {
    chdir '/'                 or die "Can't chdir to /: $!";
    defined(my $pid = fork)   or die "Can't fork: $!";
    exit if $pid;
    setsid                    or die "Can't start a new session: $!";
    umask 0;
}

sub main {
    #$socket = FCGI::OpenSocket( "127.0.0.1:8999", 10 ); #use IP sockets
        $socket = FCGI::OpenSocket( "/tmp/perl-fastcgi.sock", 10 ); #use IP sockets
        $request = FCGI::Request( \*STDIN, \*STDOUT, \*STDERR, \%req_params, $socket );
        if ($request) { request_loop()};
            FCGI::CloseSocket( $socket );
}

sub request_loop {
        while( $request->Accept() >= 0 ) {

           #processing any STDIN input from WebServer (for CGI-POST actions)
           $stdin_passthrough ='';
           $req_len = 0 + $req_params{'CONTENT_LENGTH'};
           if (($req_params{'REQUEST_METHOD'} eq 'POST') && ($req_len != 0) ){
                my $bytes_read = 0;
                while ($bytes_read < $req_len) {
                        my $data = '';
                        my $bytes = read(STDIN, $data, ($req_len - $bytes_read));
                        last if ($bytes == 0 || !defined($bytes));
                        $stdin_passthrough .= $data;
                        $bytes_read += $bytes;
                }
            }

            #running the cgi app
            if ( (-x $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME}) &&  #can I execute this?
                 (-s $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME}) &&  #Is this file empty?
                 (-r $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME})     #can I read this file?
            ){
        pipe(CHILD_RD, PARENT_WR);
        my $pid = open(KID_TO_READ, "-|");
        unless(defined($pid)) {
            print("Content-type: text/plain\r\n\r\n");
                        print "Error: CGI app returned no output - ";
                        print "Executing $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME} failed !\n";
            next;
        }
        if ($pid > 0) {
            close(CHILD_RD);
            print PARENT_WR $stdin_passthrough;
            close(PARENT_WR);

            while(my $s = <KID_TO_READ>) { print $s; }
            close KID_TO_READ;
            waitpid($pid, 0);
        } else {
                    foreach $key ( keys %req_params){
                       $ENV{$key} = $req_params{$key};
                    }
                    # cd to the script's local directory
                    if ($req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME} =~ /^(.*)\/[^\/]+$/) {
                            chdir $1;
                    }

            close(PARENT_WR);
            close(STDIN);
            #fcntl(CHILD_RD, F_DUPFD, 0);
            syscall(&SYS_dup2, fileno(CHILD_RD), 0);
            #open(STDIN, "<&CHILD_RD");
            exec($req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME});
            die("exec failed");
        }
            }
            else {
                print("Content-type: text/plain\r\n\r\n");
                print "Error: No such CGI app - $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME} may not ";
                print "exist or is not executable by this process.\n";
            }

        }
}

新建init脚本,用于管理perl-fastcgi,保存为/etc/init.d/perl-fastcgi

#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx – this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile: /opt/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

perlfastcgi="/usr/bin/perl-fastcgi.pl"
prog=$(basename perl)

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/perl-fastcgi

start() {
    [ -x $perlfastcgi ] || exit 5
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $perlfastcgi
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
    return $retval
}

stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc $prog -QUIT
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
    return $retval
}

restart() {
    stop
    start
}

reload() {
    echo -n $”Reloading $prog: ”
    killproc $nginx -HUP
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
}

force_reload() {
    restart
}
rh_status() {
    status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
    start)
        rh_status_q && exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    stop)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    restart)
        $1
        ;;
    reload)
        rh_status_q || exit 7
        $1
        ;;
    force-reload)
        force_reload
        ;;
    status)
        rh_status
        ;;
    condrestart|try-restart)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        ;;
    *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
        exit 2
    esac

启动perl-fastcgi进程:

chmod +x /usr/bin/perl-fastcgi.pl 
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/perl-fastcgi
/etc/init.d/perl-fastcgi start
chkconfig perl-fastcgi on

Nginx配置:

server
    {
        listen       80;
        server_name www.haiyun.me;
        index index.pl index.html;
        root  /home/wwwroot/www.haiyun.me;

                location ~ .*\.(pl|cgi)?$
                {
                fastcgi_pass  unix:/tmp/perl-fastcgi.sock;
                fastcgi_index index.cgi;
                fastcgi_param   SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;  
                include         fastcgi_params;  
                }
                access_log none;
}

新建index.pl脚本测试,加x执行权限。

#!/usr/bin/perl
print "Content-type: text/html\n\n";
print "<html><body>Hello, world.</body></html>";

访问http://www.haiyun.me,如果正常就会显示Hello,world.

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